Only trucks with engines compliant to the EURO IV norm or better are allowed to enter the city centre of Rotterdam. This helps greatly in lowering air pollutant emissions from traffic (NOx, NO2 and PM10), so the air in the city gets cleaner. This benefits all users and residents of the area.
Low emission zone Rotterdam
Paris Low Emission Zone
Low Emission Zone project and actions supporting the commercial transport activities in Paris. The city of Paris wants to become a leader on air quality improvement measures and wishes to reach 50 % non diesel deliveries in Paris by 2017, 100 % by 2020. A realistic plan and effective measures were set up and announced in Feb 2015. Progressively, until 2020, all vehicles below Euro 4 will be banned. An enforcement system is being applied. Financial support is offered for small companies.
Environmentally friendly paper supply to municipality buildings: the case of Amsterdam
Today, in most of the cities, frequently delivered goods, such as paper, are shipped with regular diesel trucks to the municipality buildings. In order to improve the air quality, to gain experience with sustainable public procurement and to lead with example for future projects (with other products), the municipality of Amsterdam decided to make the delivery of papers to its official buildings more environmentally-friendly.
Brussels Strategic Plan for Urban Freight
In Brussels, the main transport difficulties identified were a high level of air pollution, a high level of congestion and a the lack of space for deliveries in the central area. The “Brussels
Strategic Plan for Urban Freight” addresses these issues by setting out four following priorities for goods transportation. The purpose of the strategic plan for urban freight in Brussels Region is to lower congestion, emissions and other negative externalities due to urban freight transport and heavy goods vehicle traffic.
Beaugrenelle (Paris 15ème) Urban Logistics Centre
Beaugrenelle ULC is a logistic centre located in the centre of Paris, close to Chronopost’s customers. It will have as main impacts the reduction of delivery distances (vehicle km should be divided by two) and CO2 (predicted reduction of about 80%) and the improvement of the express service. The automation of the whole operation on the site should decrease of the difficulty of the work and improve safety.
Parcel and small cargo delivery using interurban bus system (KAUTRA)
Purpose of the service is to deliver parcels and small cargo from any KAUTRA served city or town to another city or town that is also served by KAUTRA interurban busses in no more than 24 hours.
Parcel and small cargo is delivered using interurban buses. The most of the parcels and cargo are delivered the same day or it takes as long as it takes for the bus to go between origin and destination. Parcels and small cargo may be dropped off in designated terminals ordirectly to the driver of the bus if there is no terminal in the city.
Electric Removal Truck, Aad de Wit Verhuizingen
Aad de Wit uses now two full electric trucks for removals. Hereby, the company fulfils current and coming environmental rules and regulations implemented in Amsterdam. The company offers now a zeroemission furniture removal service in the city, but in fact they can offer it country-wide. The electricity used by the trucks is 100% green energy (solar and wind energy). Besides, the trucks are more silent compared to conventional removal trucks. Removals by Aad de Wit can be done in a clean and quiet manner.
Smart Urban Logistics
The aim of the initiative “Smart Urban Logistics” was to build up an Austrian networking platform to boost and promote intelligent solutions in the field of urban ogistics. The intention was to make stakeholders aware of the topic, to create acceptance for innovative technologies, to initiate a communication process, to support further discussions and to be the incentive for the start of pilot projects that help to design future cities.
EMILIA – Electric Mobility for Innovative Freight Logistics in Austria
The growing significance of city freight transport and logistics is related to increased and still increasing population in urban areas. The result is a rising demand for freight transport. Furthermore, as urban freight transport deals primarily with the distribution of goods at the user end of the supply chain, many deliveries tend to be made in small loads and in frequent trips, thus resulting in many vehicle kilometres. These developments seriously affect the environment of cities in terms of pollution, noise and CO2 emissions. Politics had to react to these changes and started defining goals and taking measures to reduce emissions in urban centres.
LOGeco − eco-friendly logistics
The LOGeco project deals with design and validation of a new model for urban logistics solutions that entails innovative and sustainable actions. The innovative aspect relies on the adoption of an unconventional public-private decision making process towards city logistics solutions, based on a win-win logic. As a first business case, a transitpoint has been experimented in the very centre of Rome (Tridente area) with the involvement of the Municipality and private operators, using electric vehicles and oriented to study a business model to make such a solution economically and environmentally sustainable. This business case supports the change in regulation and access rules to the area, and to increase in logistics operation efficiency.
LOGeco involves all the relevant public and private stakeholders operating in the different distribution chains affecting the urban freight sector, and defines sustainable solutions for the ‘last mile’, including electromobility, for the benefit of the liveability of the urban environment and, at the same time, of the tourist and commercial activities.
Delivery to a C&A store in Berlin with low-noise electric trucks of Meyer&Meyer
Meyer&Meyer is a third-party logistics provider from Osnabrück in Germany who supplies primarily retailers in the textile industry. To increase their corporate image, test the usage of electro mobility and develop concepts to increase the profitability of electro trucks, Meyer&Meyer started a pilot in which the C&A sore (Kurfürstendamm) is being delivered by an electric vehicle. For this purpose they developed a vehicle concept for 12t-trucks in cooperation with the Dutch vehicle builder where existing standard diesel-powered vehicles are modified with an electric engine.
The solution has been supported by two research projects, “Nanu” and “E-City-Logistik”, both coordinated by the Fraunhofer IPK.
Mokum Mariteam uses the canals of Amsterdam to transport goods and deliver services. Hereby it reduces the number of small- and medium-sized trucks in the inner-city. The ships are driven by silent and clean electric engines. Goods are transported through the city and delivered at its destination without noise pollution. Using existing transport units like rolling containers, pallets and mesh containers, the system can be implemented by new clients and partners without any problems. This makes it possible to scale up the system gradually.
Returned goods like waste and residues are transported from the place of use in the same efficient and sustainable manner. This system of reversed logistics increases the efficiency of the distribution concept considerably.
Use of electric vehicles for parcel distribution at UPS Karlsruhe
UPS is testing and analysing the use of a fleet of electric vehicles in urban traffic systems to reduce CO2 emissions, noise and particular emissions.
The vehicles being used are conventional diesel vehicles that have been modified into electric vehicles. These electric vehicles are being used mainly in inner city areas and on trips shorter than 80km. The vehicles return to the depot with about 20% residual charge and are then recharged at a specific loading facility by the responsible person. All vehicles are charged through the night.
The Green Link: last mile deliveries with electric cargo cycles and vans in Paris
The Green Link (TGL) is a company making parcels deliveries in central Paris with an entire fleet of battery electric vehicles. The business is proving to be profitable. TGL started operations in 2009 and is now using 3 urban depots (green hubs) in Paris and trying to develop in other French cities and other countries. At the end of 2013, the volume of parcels distributed was 2,500 per day, and the business is expected to grow to a volume of about 5,000 parcels per day in 2014. The scale of growth is limited by the size of the current depots.
Post Receiving Box by Austrian Post AG
The “receiving box” allows the deposit of registered mail at the customer’s residence.
If a shipment can not be delivered the postman deposits it in the receiving box and notifies the recipient with an RFID-Card in the letter box.
The recipient removes the notification card from the letter box and uses it to open the receiving box.
Marleenkookt meal deliveries in Amsterdam
MarleenKookt cooks meals for those who are short of time or have other reasons not to cook for themselves. People have to order their meals on a website. The meals are then delivered to the consumers by e-cargobikes. The operating area is limited to the centre of Amsterdam. Most customers are private individuals; only about 10% of deliveries are made to companies.
Urban distribution of small parcels using self-service terminals in Lithuanian towns and cities (LP EXPRESS 24)
LP EXPRESS, a branch of the state-owned enterprise AB “Lietuvos paštas”, adopted an innovative urban distribution system of self-service terminals. This self-service system, referred to as “LP EXPRESS”, is the latest addition to the company’s service offer, providing terminals that are available 24/7, located in 41 cities and town in Lithuania. The functionality of these terminals has been expanded to include that: users may drops off their parcels, send their parcels abroad, and choose other delivery options (e.g. couriers). Additionally, the unique operating system was developed to support these services.
Lean and Green Municipalities (Connekt) in the Netherlands
Lean and Green is a project lead by Connekt. Lean and Green supports and rewards organizations for reducing CO2 emissions and costs. The main subject is the distribution of goods in inner cities, which is an issue of increasing importance due to urban infill and traffic congestion. Lean and Green is attempting to improve the collaboration between municipalities and local companies to reach shared goals. In addition, Lean and Green is sharing its knowledge with municipalities to solve practical issues.
La Petite Reine : Home deliveries using Cargocycles® and electric vans in Paris
‘La Petite Reine’ delivers purchases from big stores to consumer homes, using clean delivery vehicles, adapted to dense urban centres. Delivery vehicles are electrically-assisted cargo tricycles and electric vans.
The cargo tricycles can go where small vans and other light commercial vehicle cannot (i.e. city centres reserved for the pedestrians, the tourist spaces, etc.). These vehicles are zero emissions, silent, ergonomic and agile.
Gothenburg City Logistics Initiatives
The City of Gothenburg has developed and applied a bundle of city logistics policies and solutions, including the regulation of city centre and shopping area, developing new infrastructure, establishing a consolidation centre, promoting the use of clean vehicles, developing trials of innovative solutions, monitoring and data collection on new vehicles and new technologies.
The solutions have been developed coherently and are supervised by a well-established network of experts active in different businesses and public sector institutions.
GOFER: a cooperative system for freight management and regulation
GOFER’S main objective was to contribute to a reduction in emissions, queues, accidents and operator costs related to heavy road freight, by introducing new technical solutions and ways of cooperation. Three separate demonstrations took place in the project: A live demonstration on the 500 km route Oslo to Trondheim; a heavy vehicle driving simulator to study heavy vehicles prioritising measures in urban areas; and a simulation model for access to the Alnabru terminal area in Oslo. This best practice case describes the two first demonstrations.
Fleet Operator Recognition Scheme (FORS ) in London
The London Fleet Operator Recognition Scheme (FORS) is a publicly-funded, voluntary certification scheme aimed at ensuring that fleet operators work lawfully and to best practice by meeting specified standard. It encourages behavioural change and is targeted at commercial operators, local authorities and procurement specialists.
FORS generates actions by fleet operators as it requires them to meet standards and requires they demonstrate their safety, environmental and business efficiency performance improvement. In return fleet operators are awarded FORS awards.
Urban freight delivery B2C solution with clean vehicles: Emakers
Emakers offers clean deliveries with a fleet of electric and cycle freight vehicles, and a B2C solution for delivery management and information exchange. It has been an evolving operation offered in Spain and the UK since 2012. The products and services developed by Emakers in 7 cities consist of an efficient B2C solution based on technology, unique operations and sustainable vehicles.
Clean vehicle and city logistics scheme in Brescia
“Eco-Logis” is a distribution service operational in the urban area of Brescia (Lombardy-Northern Italy), focusing on the historical city centre and its Low Traffic Zone (LTZ). The manager is Brescia Mobilità, an in-house company of the City of Brescia, in partnership with OMB Inter-national (Logistics Manager), Cooperativa Facchini Bresciani (Personnel Manager), and Consorzio Brescia Mercati S.p.A. (Depot owner). The service has been operational since 2012 and was motivated by an objective to reduce the traffic congestion and pollution in Brescia city centre.
Urban freight distribution with electric vehicles in San Sebastián
This initiative enables the distribution of good without limitation in time windows or locations with access restrictions such as pedestrian area or narrow streets. It is a sustainable transport mode which reduces fuel consumption, improves air quality and reduces noise.
The project is completely developed and operational in San Sebastián. The initiative is transferable, the major constraints being topography (very steep slopes could generate problems for fully loaded bikes), the need for high density of drops (as only short distance trips are viable) and countries with cold winters that make cycling solutions less practical.
Txita (the operator) has already applied the service to various other Spanish cities (i.e. Barcelona: VanaPedal, www.vanapedal.es)
City Logistics in Copenhagen using an Urban Consolidation Centre
The concept of Citylogistik in Copenhagen involves using an urban consolidation centre (UCC) for the supply of goods to the historical city centre of Copenhagen. All goods are shipped to and consolidated at a distribution centre outside the city and then transported by the City logistics provider Citylogistik-kbh to the customer.
Citylogistik-kbh is an ongoing scheme started in 2012 that uses an environmentally friendly electric vehicle to deliver the goods to the stores located in the city centre.
i-Ladezone: Intelligent monitoring of loading bays in Vienna
The project i-Ladezone focuses on two major topics. The first is the development of management methods in order to open delivery opportunities through the efficient and effective monitoring of the occupancy of loading bays by loading vehicles and private cars. The second topic focuses on the development of a management system for keeping the loading bays at maximum availability and reducing impacts on traffic caused by the loading activities. Also included is the development is an intelligent routing application for mobile use by the drivers of the goods vehicles.
ILOS – Intelligent Freight Logistics in Urban Areas: Freight Routing Optimisation in Vienna
The objective of ILOS is the development and definition of indicators to describe the saving potential of transport journeys in urban areas using traffic information obtained through floating car data, as well as the development of appropriate quantification methods to determine these indicators from route analyses in order to achieve a possible saving potential in terms of time or distance. This in turn leads to savings in fuel, emissions and operating costs.
Citylog EMF (efficient, modular, flexibel) – Electro-Multifunction-Transportation vehicle
Citylog EMF is a new type of electric freight vehicle developed in Austria by a consortium led by HET. The electric motor propulsion is fuel-cell based, and the vehicle concept consists of a series of ‘self-driven’ vehicles and ‘trailers’ that can be coupled to a train, and un-coupled for loading and unloading operations.
The trials in Klagenfurt follow the prototype phase in which the technical feasibility has been demonstrated.
Urban distribution network of four major grocery retailers in Lithuania
A market dominance (oligopoly) of a few retail supermarkets in Lithuania has led to an optimised urban logistics solution: four chains operate most of the supermarkets across the country, from small to large scale stores, which are located in every town and city. All these supermarkets are serviced from strategically located logistics centres, at which goods are loaded as consolidated shipments onto large vehicles, thus reducing the number of trips made to supply each shop and by using optimised routes. The number of vehicles and trips are reduced, leading to a positive impact on traffic & emissions.
Zero-Emission Beer Boat in Utrecht
The beer boat concept was introduced in the city of Utrecht in 1996 in order to perform efficient last mile operations in the delivery of beer to catering and drinking establishments, thereby preserving the historical centre of the city, relieving the pressure on road traffic and complying to labour laws (for carrying barrels and crates).
In 2010, the City of Utrecht updated the beer boat with an environmentally-friendly electric boat. Building on its success, in 2012 the City introduced another zero-emission boat for use in carrying other products including waste.
Electric freight vehicle with trailers: Cargohopper in Utrecht
Cargohopper is a dedicated inner city delivery service using clean freight vehicles in Utrecht, Netherlands. The service was introduced in 1996 in order to efficiently perform last mile operations for local businesses, especially for tourist venues, restaurants and catering facilities. Currently, an electric powered road train is running on the streets of Utrecht for parcels deliveries using the Cargohopper name. Other innovative vehicles are also used or under development as part of Cargohopper.
Route optimisation of waste collection in an urban environment in Maribor
For waste collection rounds in the city of Maribor, Slovenia, a new route optimisation solution has led to savings of 20% in time spent and distance covered by the fleet. The route optimisation makes use of an operational research algorithm that solves the so-called “Chinese postman problem”. This algorithm was used by SNAGA, the main urban waste management company. The optimisation is based on high quality data, GIS use and detailed knowledge of day-to-day operations. The solution resulted in more optimal vehicle routes and savings that are beneficial for the public sector.
New loading/unloading regulation and parking meter/loading bay surveillance technology in Lisbon
The Lisbon Transport Authority (known as EMEL) has developed a new solution that helps mitigate specific traffic problems.
The solution consists in the development and implementation of two technology based schemes:
• Adapted Parking Meters that issue special tickets for 30 minutes of unloading/loading operations
• Detection sensors that detect the presence of a vehicle in the loading bay and send a message to the control centre of the Transport Authority (EMEL).
Bentobox and ‘urban freight laboratory’ area in Berlin
The urban freight ‘laboratory area’ is a small residential and mixed-use business and retail area in a central borough of Berlin, Germany, in which innovative freight transport solutions are tested, studied and presented.
The Bentobox technology consists of the use of a new locker bank for parcels storage, and of electrically assisted bikes for final delivery. Bentobox tests were performed in the laboratory area. The project leader, the Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment of Berlin, seeks to use this area for further tests, including e-mobility and smart freight solutions.
Multiuse lanes for freight distribution in Bilbao
‚Multiuse lanes’ is one of the initiatives developed in Bilbao by the local authority and local stakeholders to improve goods distribution in the city.
This initiative consists of the more efficient use of lanes in the city centre streets. In this approach, one of the road lanes will be provided for the loading and unloading of goods at certain time slots, and used for other vehicle activities during the rest of the day.
Supermarket stores deliveries using waterways in Paris
Franprix supermarket stores in Paris are being supplied through a new multi-modal and urban transport chain solution. In this innovation, the last transport leg between regional distribution centre and retail shop occurs via waterways. The shipment is transported in a special container, sent from the warehouse to a river port in the periphery by truck, then by barge to the centre of Paris, shipped on the Seine river for a distance of 20 km to the Quai de la Bourdonnais in central Paris. From there another truck transports the containers to the shop on a very short trip.
Electric vehicles use in parcels deliveries in Stuttgart-Ludwigsburg
As part of the IKONE project, about 50 Mercedes-Benz Vito E-CELL transporters powered by electricity are used by selected partners and the large German parcel logistics service provider DPD in the Stuttgart region. Their field of application involves various commercial activities and delivery tasks. The Stuttgart region has a very difficult topography (situated in a basin) and the filed test focused on the analysis of the vehicle use in these specific conditions.
Logistic tool for delivery management in exhibition centres, MCH Messe Basel (Switzerland)
At the Exhibition Centre of Basel, the largest in Switzerland, the operator MCH Messe Basel introduced a new logistics booking system. Exhibitors, stand builders and other suppliers have to register in advance via a designated online logistics tool for all deliveries and pick-ups to the venues. All logistic processes are managed and handled by the trade fair’s logistics operator. This logistics tools offers a solution for the specific problem of the Messe Basel Exhibition Centre, but is highly transferable to many urban facilities or logistics intensive campuses elsewhere.
CITYPORTO – Last mile deliveries in Padua
Cityporto is an Urban Consolidation Centre (UCC) service operational in Padua, Northern Italy, focusing on deliveries to the central area ‘Low Traffic Zone’ of 830,000 m2. The manager is Interporto Padova S.p.A., which also manages the local freight village, a PPP whose major stakeholders are the local public bodies (Municipality, Province, Chamber of Commerce). Cityporto has been operating since 2004 and performs more than 100,000 deliveries per year (2012), for 65 customers (most of the couriers and forwarders operating in the city).The deliveries are performed by 11 LNG-powered vans.The depot is a 1000 m2 wide urban consolidation platform located within the freight village.
Distripolis: Urban Consolidation Centres and battery-electric vehicles for last-mile deliveries
In order to replace the use of standard diesel trucks, GEODIS, a large road transport operator, is testing Urban Consolidation Centres (UCCs) and electric vehicles in a large scale trial in France. In the project (called Distripolis) new, small UCCs , are located in the city centre of Paris, and receive goods from a central depot (located in Bercy) by Euro 5, Hybrid or CNG trucks. From these UCCs, the final deliveries are performed with low emission vehicles (battery powered – electric vans and tricycles) on short distance trips.
Binnenstadservice Nederland: Inner city deliveries in The Netherlands
Binnenstadservice Nederland is an innovative concept that has been applied for five years in 15 cities in the Netherlands. Binnenstadservice manages an Urban Consolidation Centre (logistics depot and distribution service) on behalf of retailers and other organizations located in the city centre. Goods destined for these retailers are delivered to this consolidation centre, by freight operators. At this centre, goods are bundled and delivered to shops in the city centre. Simultaneously empties/packaging/paper are returned to the consolidation centre.
Use of battery-electric tricycles and vans for retail distribution in London: Gnewt Cargo
Electrically-assisted cargo tricycles and electric vans are used to deliver parcels from a small urban consolidation centre to customers in the centre of London. The operation of the vehicles does not result in any fossil fuel consumption or greenhouse gas emissions as the electricity used is produced from renewable sources. The urban consolidation centre and the deliveries made from it are operated by the new company Gnewt Cargo, specialising in green urban freight deliveries.